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2009年1月18日 (日)

国連ミレニアム開発目標

このところ、開発経済学を少し勉強し始めています。どうということはないんですが、国連ミレニアム開発目標 (Millennium Development Goals) を表に取りまとめてみました。

GOALS and TARGETSINDICATORS
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Target 1
Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day.
1. Proportion of population below $1 (1993 PPP) per day
2. Poverty gap ratio (incidence x depth of poverty)
3. Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
Target 2
Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
4. Prevalence of underweight children under five years of age
5. Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
Target 3
Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling.
6. Net enrolment ratio in primary education
7. Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5
8. Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
Target 4
Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015.
 9. Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
10. Ratio of literate women to men, 15-24 years old
11. Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
12. Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament
Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Target 5
Reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate.
13. Under-five mortality rate
14. Infant mortality rate
15. Proportion of 1 year-old children immunized against measles
Goal 5: Improve maternal health
Target 6
Reduce by three quarters, between l990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio.
16. Maternal mortality ratio
17. Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Target 7
Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
18. HIV prevalence among pregnant women aged 15-24 years
19. Condom use rate of the contraceptive prevalence rate
20. Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
Target 8
Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases.
21. Prevalence and death rates associated with malaria
22. Proportion of population in malaria-risk areas using effective malaria prevention and treatment measures
23. Prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
24. Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under DOTS (internationally recommended TB control strategy)
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
Target 9
Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources.
25. Proportion of land area covered by forest
26. Ratio of area protected to maintain biological diversity to surface area
27. Energy use (kg oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (PPP)
28. Carbon dioxide emissions per capita and consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs (ODP tons)
29. Proportion of population using solid fuels
Target 10
Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation.
30. Proportion of population with sustainable access to an improved water source, urban and rural
31. Proportion of population with access to improved sanitation, urban and rural
Target 11
By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
32. Proportion of households with access to secure tenure
Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
Target 12
Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system.
Includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction — both nationally and internationally

Target 13
Address the special needs of the least developed countries.
Includes: tariff- and quota-free access for least developed countries' exports; enhanced programme of debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction

Target 14
Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing states (through the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the outcome of the twenty-second special session of the General Assembly)

Target 15
Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term
Some of the indicators listed below are monitored separately for the least developed countries (LDCs), Africa, landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) and small island developing states (SIDS)

Official Development Assistance(ODA)
33. Net ODA, total and to LDCs, as percentage of OECD/Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donors' gross national income (GNI)
34. Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
35. Proportion of bilateral ODA of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
36. ODA received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their GNIs
37. ODA received in small island developing states as proportion of their GNIs

Market Access
38. Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms) from developing countries and from LDCs, admitted free of duty
39. Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products and textiles and clothing from developing countries
40. Agricultural support estimate for OECD countries as percentage of their GDP
41. Proportion of ODA provided to help build trade capacity

Debt Sustainability
42. Total number of countries that have reached their Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
43. Debt relief committed under HIPC initiative
44. Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
Target 16
In cooperation with developing countries, develop and implement strategies for decent and productive work for youth.
45. Unemployment rate of young people aged 15-24 years, each sex and total
Target 17
In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries.
46. Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
Target 18
In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications.
47. Telephone lines and cellular subscribers per 100 population
48. Personal computers in use per 100 population and Internet users per 100 population

世界経済が悪化の一途をたどり、先進国経済も沈没しかけている今こそ、世界の貧困絶滅に向けて努力すべき時だという気がしています。ダメージは最貧国 (LLDC) の方が先進諸国より大きいと考えられるからです。エコノミストとして、何が出来るのかを考えたいと思います。

それにしても、このところ、何となく、html でテーブルを組むのに熱心になっていたりします。

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